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Information to assist employers in the completion of their Affirmative Action Plan
(AAP). Specifically, information is provided that will assist employers in comparing the percentage
of women and minorities that comprise of all employment in their establishment to the percentage of
women and minorities with requisite skills in the recruitment area. Information is also provided
regarding the percentage of women and minorities in the population and in the labor force.
Persons who work as owners and operators of farms, as unpaid family workers on
farms and as hired workers who are engaged in farm activities.
Includes self-employed, unpaid family and private household workers.
America’s Labor Market Information System (ALMIS). The name ALMIS was
changed in October 2006. See Workforce Information Database for
The ACS is an on-going survey that the Census Bureau plans to use
to replace the long form census survey done every ten years, starting
with the 2010 Census. It is a way to provide the data that communities
need every year instead of once every ten years.
Average annual job openings indicate the average number of job openings anticipated
each year for people who are new to an occupation. Total job openings are the sum of
newly created jobs and net replacement openings. Net replacement openings result when
people permanently exit an occupation. Permanent exits occur if someone dies, retires,
or otherwise decides not to work any more. Permanent exits also include openings
resulting from someone permanently changing occupations. For example, a person leaves
their job as a cashier and becomes a truck driver. Openings resulting from people changing
employers, but staying in the same occupation are not included.
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A point in time used as a reference point for comparison with some later period.
An export industry, or an industry that produces goods and services that are sold to customers outside a region. The export of these goods and serves brings money into an economy and results in a net increase in local income. Basic industries are typically represented by a location quotient greater than one.
Points of reference (either an estimate or a count) from which measurement can
be made or upon which adjustments are based. In general, updated data from
other programs becomes available and makes it possible to compare the original
estimates with more complete data sources. The benchmarking process involves
collecting and analyzing the data, implementing changes, and monitoring and
Local Area Unemployment Statistics Benchmarking - Every year updated data from
other programs becomes available and is incorporated into revised estimates.
Benchmarking makes it possible to compare the original civilian labor force,
employment, unemployment, and unemployment rate estimates with the more
complete data sources. LAUS estimates made during the year are adjusted to the
CPS annual average for that year, while maintaining as much of the original
series seasonal pattern as possible.
Current Employment Statistics Benchmarking - Employment
estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally
from tax reports which are submitted by employers who are covered under State
Unemployment Insurance (UI) Laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust
the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also
to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the
benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is
used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.
A Non-wage compensation provided to employees such as:
A part of the U.S. Department of Commerce. A Federal statistical
agency responsible for estimation of Gross Domestic
Product and Per Capita Personal Income.
Part of the U.S. Department of Labor, BLS functions as the principal data-gathering
agency of the Federal government in the field of labor economics. BLS collects,
processes, analyzes, and disseminates data relating to employment, unemployment,
the labor force, productivity, prices, family expenditures, wages, industrial
relations, and occupational safety and health.
For the Occupational Employment Statistics program any County
that is not part of a Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) is placed in a
Balance of State area. These areas should consist of counties that are
contiguous - connected - as much as possible. In Wisconsin there are five of
these areas and they are redefined about every ten years.
Being part of the U.S. Department of Commerce, this bureau conducts censuses of
population and housing every 10 years and of agriculture, business, governments,
manufacturers, mineral industries, and transportation at 5-year intervals. The
entire nation is divided into small sections called Census
Tracts, and within each tract the Census Bureau attempts to count the number
of persons and demographic, economic, and housing characteristics of the
individuals living in that tract. The first official US Census was done in 1790.
The data in the census is key to planning for both private business and
The Census Bureau also conducts the monthly Current Population Survey, in
cooperation with the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). Data
from this survey are the source of unemployment statistics.
American Community Survey
Recurring expansion and contraction of the economy.
In their simplest form, Career Clusters are groupings of occupations/career specialties used as an organizing tool for curriculum design and instruction. Occupations/career specialties are grouped into the Career Clusters based on the fact that they require a set of common knowledge and skills for career success. The Knowledge and Skills represented by Career Clusters prepare learners for a full range of occupations/career specialties, focusing on the holistic, polished blend of technical, academic and employability knowledge and skills. This approach enhances the more traditional approach to career and technical education in which instruction may focus on one or two occupations and emphasize only specific occupational skills.
In their simplest forms, Pathways are sub-groupings of occupations/career specialties used as an organizing tool for curriculum design and instruction. Occupations/career specialties are grouped into Pathways based on the fact that they require a set of common knowledge and skills for career success.
See Bureau of the Census
A small relatively permanent statistical subdivision of a county
delineated by local committees of census data users for the
purpose of collecting and presenting census data. It is worth noting that
census tract conform with county lines (that is they are always
sub-sets of a county), but may not follow zip code lines.
In cooperation with the State of Wisconsin, the
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts the CES
survey to collect data each month on employment, hours, and earnings from a
sample of nonfarm establishments (including government). The survey is often
called the establishment survey or payroll survey. The sample includes
over 7,000 reporting units in Wisconsin. From these data, employment, hours,
and earnings estimates are produced for various industry detail at the state
and the major metropolitan statistical area level. The data are published each
month and are considered one of the earliest indicators of the state’s economic
health in terms of employment.
Seasonal Adjustment FAQs
The sum of all employed and unemployed people excluding people less
than 16 years of age, institutional population, and those in the military.
The institutional population is comprised of people
residing in the following types of institutions: penal
institutions, mental institutions, sanitariums, homes for
the aged or infirm, and homes for the needy.
Combined Statistical Areas (Combined SA) are metropolitan
statistical areas and micropolitan statistical areas joined that
meet employment interchange criteria. (Census 2000 definition)
Refers to worker flows between municipalities, counties, and/or states. Data
representing commuting patterns is collected through the decennial
The ability to produce one good at a lower opportunity cost relative to other goods.
Comparative advantage suggests that economies benefit by specialization and exchange.
Initially an idea developed to compare national economies,
comparative advantage is also important for local economies.
The Consumer Price Index measures the average change over time in the prices paid
by urban consumers for a representative market basket of consumer goods and
services. User fees (such as for water) and sales and excise taxes paid by the
consumer are included; however, income taxes and investments (like stocks and
life insurance) are not included.
The Consumer Price Index-Urban (CPI-U) includes expenditures by urban wage
earners and clerical workers, professional, managerial, and technical workers,
the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, retirees and others not
in the labor force.
Continued Claim is Certification of Eligibility for UI benefits during a seven-day period
(calendar week) of total, partial, or part-total unemployment. Continued
claims information are used in the LMI product County Snapshots.
A region composed of non-MSA counties connected by location, commuting patterns,
transportation infrastructure, and similarities in wage rates and employment by
industry. Because of its highly rural character, Wisconsin has 11 such regions
as of 2004.
Employment in any industry insured under the provisions of the Wisconsin
Unemployment Insurance Law. This term is a business terms used by employers to determine
if their business comes under the Unemployment Insurance Law hence
"covered" and when covered an employer incurs tax liability with any one of the following
conditions are met:
Current Population Survey. A monthly survey conducted by the
Census Bureau of approximately 60,000 households (1,450 in Wisconsin). This
survey of the civilian non-institutional population of the United States provides
monthly statistics on employment, unemployment, demographic characteristics, and
related subjects which are analyzed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).
Unemployment that results from periodic declines in the business cycle (for example, recessions). Downswings in the level of economic activity create unemployment as a result of inadequate demand for workers. During a recovery, cyclical unemployment will be reduced or eliminated. The most common form of cyclical unemployment occurs when workers are temporarily laid off.
Advocates of economic cycles propose that the economy grows, stabilizes or declines,
in some kind of regular waves. It has been proposed that cyclical unemployment
usually lags the business cycle slightly; employers tend to hold onto labor in the
hope that they might ride out the cycle. If ultimately forced to shed jobs they are
likely to be wary of rehiring as demand increases until they are more certain of the
Division of Employment and Training. A Division within the Department of Workforce
Dictionary of Occupational Titles. A classification structure for occupations
observed in the American economy. The DOT code structure has been replaced by
the SOC (Standard Occupational Classification) code structure.
A dislocated worker is a person who has been laid off, received a notice of
termination or layoff, or were self-employed and are now unemployed due
to economic conditions or natural disaster.
Persons, not included in the count of unemployed, who make no active attempt to
find a job because they think none is available, or they believe they lack the
skills necessary to compete in the labor market. Discouraged workers are not
considered to be in the labor force.
Persons 20 years and over who lost or left jobs because their plant or company
closed or moved, there was insufficient work for them to do, or their position or
shift was abolished.
United States Department of Labor; Cabinet-level Federal agency which enforces laws protecting workers, promotes labor-management cooperation, sponsors employment training and placement services, oversees the unemployment insurance system, and produces statistics on the labor force and living conditions.
A measure of the number of full weeks that a person has been unemployed. The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) publishes several series on duration, showing the number unemployed for various lengths of time. There are also two published measures of average duration of unemployment: mean duration and median duration. Mean duration is the arithmetic average duration of unemployment in weeks; median duration is the midpoint of a distribution of weeks of unemployment.
Wisconsin Department of Workforce Development. Formerly DILHR: Department of Industry, Labor and Human Relations.
Pay or wages of a worker or group of workers for services performed during a specific period of time.
The entire array of activities, some conducted by government, and some by the private sector,
often in partnership with government, which are intended to expand the economy of a designated area
to increase the number of jobs available to the population of that area.
Economic Growth is an increase in the total output of an economy over a period of time. When new
productive resources are available or when more products and goods are produced with existing
resources, economic growth takes place. New resources could be a larger working age population,
larger investments in infrastructure, or machines used to help increase current worker
Economic Indicators are data used to
analyze and describe current specific trends occurring in the economy as well as future prospects.
Examples of economic indicators include employment and unemployment rates, income, savings, volume
of building permits, volume of sales, Consumer Price Index and Gross Domestic Product.
Leading indicators tend to reach their peak before the corresponding business cycle turns down.
Employment (hours of work) is an economic indicator that tends to lead the economic cycle as
consumption is a major component of GDP.
Usually classified according to their timing in relationship to the ups and downs of the
business cycle, that is, whether they anticipate (lead), coincide with, or lag behind general
A set of quantitative data collected over regular time intervals (such as weekly, monthly, quarterly, or annually) which measures an aspect of economic activity. For example, the Current Employment Statistics program has collected industry employment data by month from 1990 to the present.
Estimates Delivery System. Produces occupational wage and employment estimates at geographic levels not provided for in the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program. These estimates are not intended to be quoted in any official or certifying capacity.
The highest diploma or degree, or level of work towards a diploma or degree, an individual has completed.
An occupation is designated as "emerging" if changes occurred due to technology, legislation,
demographics, social concerns and/or the marketplace (e.g., biotechnology occupations).
Definition differs by Bureau of Labor Standards (BLS) program:
Individuals 16 years of age and older who worked at least one hour for pay or who worked unpaid for at least 15 hours in a family business during the reference week which includes the 12th of the month. Individuals are also counted if they had a job but were temporarily absent from their jobs due to illness, bad weather, vacation, a labor dispute, or for personal reasons. *CPS=Current Population Survey; LAUS=Local Area UnemploymentStatistics.
Includes all paid employees, regardless of age, who worked during or received pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th day of the month. *CES=Current Employment Statistics
The number of workers on the payroll who earned wages during the pay period including the 12th day of the month. Persons on paid leave are included, but those on leave without pay for the entire payroll period are excluded. *QCEW=Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages.
A person or business that employees one or more people for wages or salary;
the legal entity responsible for payment of quarterly unemployment insurance taxes or for reimbursing the state fund for unemployment insurance benefits costs in lieu of
paying the quarterly taxes.
This number represents what an entry-level worker might expect to make. It is defined as the average (mean) wage earned by the lowest third of all workers in the selected location, occupation, and industry.
Mean Wage (Average Wage),
The physical location of a certain economic activity, for example: a factory,
store, or office. Generally a single establishment produces a single good or
provides a single service. An enterprise (a private firm, government,
or non-profit organization) could consist of a single establishment or multiple
establishments. A multi-establishment enterprise could have all its establishments
in one industry (i.e., a chain), or could have various establishments in different
industries (i.e., a conglomerate).
Employment and Training Administration. A part of the U.S. Department of Labor.
This agency oversees the State Unemployment Insurance (UI) programs and job
training and placement services provided by State Employment Security Agencies,
such as the Wisconsin Department of Workforce Development. The ETA also
coordinates the efforts of America’s Labor Market Information System.
The proportion of the population that is employed.
An economic unit that produces goods or services, usually at a single physical
location, and engaged in one or predominantly one activity.
A survey that collects information that is pertinent to a place of work. The
Current Employment Statistics survey is an establishment survey that collects
employment, payroll and hours data from employers for specific work site
This number represents what an experienced worker might expect to make. It is defined as the average (mean) wage earned by the upper two-thirds of all workers in the selected location, occupation, and industry.
Mean Wage (Average Wage),
Final Payments is the last regular benefit an unemployment claimant
receives in a benefit year because the claimant has no further entitlement
to payment. i.e. has exhausted entitlement by drawing the full amount of
benefits from program funds.
This one of three kinds of unemployment occurs as people move between jobs, and represents
a temporary period of unemployment. For example, when a person voluntarily leaves one job
and has not yet begun another job. The worker is voluntarily unemployed and is utilizing
his/her right to change jobs.
In a situation approaching full employment, frictional unemployment may form a significant share
of all unemployment: in conditions of high unemployment, it is likely to make a small contribution.
Structural Unemployment and
Defined by the Bureau of Labor Statistics as employment of 35 hours or more
in a week.
Gross Domestic Product is a measure of the total production and
consumption of goods and services in the U.S. The BEA
constructs two complementary measures of GDP, one based on income and
one based on expenditures. GDP is measured on the product side by
adding up the labor, capital, and tax costs of producing the output.
On the consumption side, GDP is measured by adding up expenditures by
households, businesses, government and net foreign purchases.
Theoretically, these two measures should be equal. However, due to
problems collecting data, there is often a discrepancy between the
two measures. The GDP price deflator is used to convert output
measured at current prices into constant-dollar GDP. This data is
used to define business cycle peaks and troughs. Total GDP growth of
between 2.0% and 2.5% is generally considered to be optimal when the
economy is at full employment (unemployment between 5.5% and 6.0%).
Higher growth than this leads to accelerating inflation, while lower
growth indicates a weak economy.
In NAICS, identified as a domain that includes the following supersectors:
Natural Resources and Mining; Construction; and Manufacturing. These
supersectors are further identified as sectors, which include Agriculture,
Forestry, Fishing, and Hunting; Construction; and Manufacturing.
High growth occupations are based on percentage change and must have
at least 500 job openings over the latest long-term projections period
to make the list. The larger the percentage change the faster the
occupation is growing.
Hot projected job growth occupations must meet these criteria:
These occupations are also grouped by occupational categories.
As defined by the Census Bureau, all persons who occupy a housing unit. A
housing unit is a room or group of rooms intended for occupancy as separate
living quarters and having either a separate entrance or complete cooking
facilities for the exclusive use of the occupants.
A survey, such as the CPS, that collects information that is pertinent to a
place of residence.
A distinct group of productive or profit-making enterprises. In NAICS,
industries are defined and classified by how products and services are created.
With occupational projections, the occupations within industries (staffing patterns) are obtained
through an Occupational Employment Statistic program survey. Approximately 30,000 Wisconsin
establishments out of about 160,000 are surveyed over a three year period on how many individuals
they employ in each occupation along with their wage. The results generate an occupational
distribution or staffing pattern for each industry. The Projections program uses the occupational
employment within industries, or staffing patterns, data that is developed from the survey.
Industry Projections ,
Occupational Projections ,
The source for the historic industry employment is the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Quarterly
Census of Employment and Wages. This employment comes from Wisconsin’s Unemployment
Industry/Occupational Staffing Patterns ,
Occupational Projections ,
A sustained increase in prices that lead to a decrease in the amount of goods
and services that can be purchased for the same amount of money.
An initial claim is any notice of unemployment filed by an individual to initiate:
Job Zone Levels are used on the O*Net to
categorize jobs according to complexity. There are five job zone levels, from level one (jobs requiring little
or no training) to level five (jobs requiring higher education, training and experience). Refer to O*Net's
Job Zones definition for more
A disagreement or conflict between an employer and employees, or between the
employers association and employees trade union.
The civilian labor force comprises the total of all civilians classified as
employed and unemployed. The labor force, in addition, includes members of the
armed forces stationed in the United States. This is the working definition as
used by the Local Area Unemployment Statistics program.
Also see civilian labor force.
The labor force as a percent of the working-age civilian non-institutional population.
See civilian labor force.
The economic transactions involving the hiring of people on the one side and the
selling of one's labor on the other side. Labor market does not refer to a
Labor market analysis is how one measures and assesses the economic forces that impact the employment process. There are many variables affecting the labor market: population growth and characteristics, industrial structure and development, new technologies, changes in consumer demand, unionization and trade disputes, recruitment practices, wage levels and conditions of employment, and training opportunities. Done correctly, labor market analysis can address a variety of questions, such as:
The answers to these questions can assist developers and policy makers identify industries to support or grow, help job seekers target growing occupations and industries and, ultimately, crate a picture of future strengths and weaknesses in the labor market. The basic data needed to answer these questions are demographic information, including population trends and projections; unemployment statistics, current and historic; employment statistics by industry; payroll and wages by place of work; and industry profiles and projections.
An economically integrated geographical unit within which
workers may readily change jobs without changing their place
of residence. All States are divided into exhaustive LMA’s, which
include a county or a group of contiguous counties.
Labor Market Information is the body of information that deals with
the functioning of labor markets and the determination of the demand
for and supply of labor. It includes, but is not limited to, such key
factors as changes in the level and/or composition of economic
activity, the population, employment and unemployment, income and
earnings, and wage rates and fringe benefits.
A Federal-State cooperative program between the Bureau of Labor Statistics and
the State of Wisconsin that develops monthly
estimates of the labor force, employment,
unemployment, and unemployment rates for the State of Wisconsin, all
counties, Workforce Development Areas, small labor market areas,
metropolitan divisions, combined statistical areas, metropolitan and
Micropolitan statistical areas, and cities with a population of
25,000 or more.
A voluntary partnership between state labor market information agencies and
the Census Bureau to develop new information about local labor market
conditions at low cost, with no added respondent burden, and with the same
confidentiality protections afforded census and survey data.
A location quotient is an index used to compare industry share in a local economy
to some reference (usually national) economy, calculated as a ratio of the local
economy to the reference economy.
Refusal by an employer to allow employees to come in to work until they agree to
the employers terms. Alternative term is workstop.
A Federal-State cooperative program between the Bureau
of Labor Statistics and the State of Wisconsin that identifies, describes, and
tracks the effects of major job cutbacks which result in workers being
separated from their jobs.
Not to be confused with median wage, this number represents the average
pay earned by all workers in the selected location, occupation, and industry. It is calculated by
summing the adjusted wages for all workers and dividing by the number of workers. It is a very
general measure of what all workers earn.
Example: If Bill Gates walks into a bar, the average wage (arithmetic
mean) gets skewed by millions of dollars, but the median wage (50th percentile) will not shift by
more than one person.
An occupational median wage estimate is the boundary between the highest paid 50 percent and the
lowest paid 50 percent of workers in that occupation. Half of the workers in a given occupation
earn more than the median wage, and half the workers earn less than the median wage. It is a
measure of what the average worker might expect to make.
Mean Wage (Average Wage),
Metropolitan Divisions consist of one or more counties that represent
an employment center plus adjacent counties with strong commuting ties
to the core Metropolitan statistical areas of 2.5 million or more may be
divided into metropolitan divisions. (Census 2000 definition)
Metropolitan Statistical Areas (Metro SAs) contain at least one urbanized
area with at least 50,000 people (the “core”). Counties are included or excluded
in the metro based on commuting criteria. (Census 2000 definition)
Micropolitan Statistical Areas (MicroSAs) contain at least one
urban cluster with between 10,000 and 50,000 people (the “core”).
Counties are included or excluded in the Micropolitan area based on
commuting criteria. (Census 2000 definition))
The smallest hourly wage that an employee may be paid as mandated by federal and state laws.
Mean Wage (Average Wage),
An industry classification system
that groups establishments into industries based on the activities in which
they are primarily engaged. It is a joint venture with Canada and Mexico. In
the United States there are 20 sectors and 1179 industries. NAICS replaced the
Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system.
A hierarchical structure based on a production-oriented or supply-oriented
framework which groups establishments into industries according to similarities
in processes used to create goods or services. All industries are identified
within a domain (goods producing or services producing), within a supersector,
and then by sector.
A process by which an employer reports information on newly hired employees to Wisconsin's
Department of Workforce Development within 20 days after the employee starts
work or employees who return to work after an unpaid interval of more than
90 days (seasonal workers.) States match New Hire reports
against their child support records to locate parents, establish an order, or enforce an existing
order. In addition to matching within a state, states transmit the New Hire reports to the National
Directory of New Hires (NDNH). State agencies operating employment security
and workers' compensation programs have access to their state New Hire information to detect and
prevent erroneous benefit payments. In addition, each state can conduct matches between its own
New Hire database and other state programs to prevent unlawful or erroneous receipt of public
assistance, including welfare and Medicaid payments and food stamps.
Includes all full-time and part-time employees of all classes (including employees on paid sick
leave, paid holiday, or paid vacation) who work in or receive compensation from nonagricultural
establishments for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. It is a count
of jobs by place of work.
It does not include pensioners, members of the armed forces, self-employed or unpaid volunteer
or family workers, domestic workers in households, or persons laid off, on leave of absence without
pay, or on strike for the entire reference period. These statistics are collected in coordination
with the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. (Term also referred to as
NFWS and Nonfarm Wage and Salary)
An industry that produces goods and services that are consumed locally. Because
these industries do not export their goods and services outside their region, they do
not provide a net addition to the local economy. Non-basic industries are typically
represented by a location quotient less than one.
These are occupations in which either men or women are underrepresented. According to the
U.S. Department of Labor, nontraditional occupations for women are jobs that employ
25 percent or less women.
The unemployment rate which exists because of imperfections in job markets. Imperfections are such
factors as absence of costless job information, lack of perfect mobility, membership limitation by
unions, and licensing for purposes of restricting quantities of workers. Also called natural
rate of unemployment.
This term is used to describe data series not subject to the seasonal adjustment
process. In other words, the effects of regular, or seasonal, patterns have not been
removed from these series.
Seasonal Adjustment FAQs
All people 16 years of age and older who are neither employed nor unemployed.
This group consists mainly of students, people tending to family and/or
household duties, retirees, residents of institutions, disabled people, and
unpaid people working less than 15 hours a week in a family business.
An activity in which one engages to earn a livelihood.
Occupations are classified into 1 of 11 categories that describe the education
or training needed by most workers to become fully qualified. The categories are:
first professional degree, doctoral degree, master’s degree, work experience in an
occupation requiring a bachelor’s or higher degree, bachelor’s degree, associate degree,
post-secondary vocational training, work experience in a related occupation,
long-term on-the-job training, moderate-term on-the-job training, and short-term on-the-job training.
Defined occupations selected for study classified in one
of the following groups: Professional, technical, and
related; clerical and sales; and blue-collar and service.
To obtain the occupational employment projections, staffing patterns are applied to the base and
projected year industry employment. Because occupational employment changes over time and is not static,
adjustments are made to the staffing patterns to predict future staffing needs. Factors provided by the
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics are used to make these adjustments. These factors tell whether an
occupation is growing in importance in an industry, declining in importance or is not changing in
Also estimated are the number of openings that are expected to occur in each occupation over the
projected period. There are two sources of openings that are estimated. The first, openings due to
growth, are the numeric change expected over the projections period. The second and equally important
source of openings is net replacement openings. These openings occur when workers leave the labor force
or change occupations. Again, information provided by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics allows OES to
make estimates of these job openings.
Industry/Occupational Staffing Patterns,
A cooperative endeavor of the Bureau of Labor Statistics
and State of Wisconsin. The OES program produces employment and wages
estimates for over 700 occupations for the State as a whole,
MSA’s, and Balance of State areas.
The Occupational Information Network, a comprehensive database of worker attributes
and job characteristics. Though O*NET does not use the same coding for occupations as
the Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system, “O*NET Online” provides a
crosswalk between O*NET and SOC classifications.
Defined by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics as employment between 1 and 34
hours per week.
Per capita income is the average income computed for every man, women,
and child (population) in a particular group (usually a local geographic
region or a state). The average per capita income is computed by
using total income received by individuals (personal income vs business
income) from all sources--wage and salary disbursements, other labor income,
proprietors' income, rental income, dividends, personal interest income, and
transfer payments--minus personal contributions for social insurance,
divided by the population.
Shows what percentage of workers in an occupation earns less than a given wage
and what percentage earns more. For example, a 25th percentile wage of $15.00 per
hour indicates that 25 percent of workers (in a given occupation in a given area)
earn less than $15.00 per hour; therefore 75 percent of workers earn more than $15.00
Income received by persons from all sources. It is the sum of compensation of
employees, proprietors’ income, rental income, income receipts on assets, and current
transfer receipts minus contributions for government social insurance.
The hourly basic rate of pay, plus the hourly contribution for health
insurance benefits, vacation benefits, pension benefits and any other bona
fide economic benefit, paid directly or indirectly for a majority of the
hours worked in a trade or occupation for all types of local public
works projects, for all types of state public works projects,
except highways and bridges, and for all state contract highway and bridge
People who work for profit or fees, in private households, as child care
workers, cooks, housekeepers or servants.
A portion of the total economy that does not directly involve any level of
government, as opposed to the public sector, which includes all
operations of all levels of government.
Amount of output by worker per unit of labor hours.
Consumer Price Index
A program of study is a sequence of instruction (based on recommended standards and knowledge and skills) consisting of coursework, co-curricular activities, work-site learning, service learning and other learning experiences. This sequence of instruction provides preparation for a career.
An estimate of future employment based on historical employment trends and
anticipated shifts in economic, social, and demographic factors.
The purpose of Wisconsin’s Projections program is to offer some insight into questions
regarding the future growth or decline of Wisconsin's industries and occupations. Long- and
short-term outlooks of employment are provided. The long-term projections are for ten years
out into the future where as short-term projections are for two years out.
Industry/Occupational Staffing Patterns ,
Industry Projections ,
A portion of the total economy that includes only Federal, State, and local
Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. A cooperative endeavor of the Bureau
of Labor Statistics and State of Wisconsin. Using quarterly data, BLS
summarizes employment and wage data for workers covered by State Unemployment
Insurance (UI) laws and for civilian workers covered by the program of
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE). Commonly called the
ES-202 program. Previously called Covered Employment and Wages (CEW).
A recurring period of decline in total output, income, employment,
and trade, usually lasting from six months to a year, and marked by
widespread contractions in many sectors of the economy.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP),
Per Capita Personal Income and
Unemployment associated with predictable swings in employment and job seeking that occurs at similar times each year. These seasonal events include seasonal changes in weather, reduced or expanded production, harvests, major holidays, the opening and closing of schools, and other swings that follow a more or less regular pattern each year.
Industries affected by seasonal unemployment include agricultural related industries, construction, and any industry affected by seasonal fluctuations in the demand for their products.
A statistical technique that eliminates the influences of weather (i.e. food processing or construction), holidays, the opening and closing of schools, and other recurring seasonal events from economic time series. This permits easier observation and analysis of cyclical, trend, and other nonseasonal movements in the data. By eliminating seasonal fluctuations, the series becomes smoother and it is easier to compare data from month to month and thus is more likely to reflect true changes in the economy.
Seasonal events will hide underlying trends that could be significant for interpreting an economic time series. Removal of seasonal influences from the statistical counts allows for assessing only the economic changes over time, thus allowing for a better analysis of the more important underlying reasons for month-to-month changes in joblessness.
Persons who work for profits or fees in their own unincorporated business, trade
or professional practice as their main source of income. Persons working in
their own incorporated business are counted as wage and salary workers.
Those industries that primarily produce services. In NAICS, identified
as a domain that includes the following supersectors:
Trade, Transportation, and Utilities; Information; Financial Activities;
Professional and Business Services; Education and Health Services; Leisure and
Hospitality; Other Services; Public Administration; Unclassified. These
supersectors are further identified by NAICS sectors: Wholesale Trade; Retail
Trade; Transportation and Warehousing; Utilities; Information; Financial and
Insurance; Real Estate and Rental and Leasing; Professional, Scientific, and
Technical Services; Management of Companies and Enterprises; Administrative and
Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services; Educational Services;
Health Care and Social Assistance; Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation;
Accommodation and Food Services; Other Services; Public Administration; and
Shift-share analysis is a way to analyze economic growth by separating it into
three components: national growth, industrial mix, and regional competitiveness.
The SIC system classified establishments by
the type of activity in which they are engaged. Has been replaced by the
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).
A system for classifying all occupations
in the economy. Occupations are classified into one of 23 major groups that are
further divided into 96 minor groups, 449 broad occupations, and 821 detailed
A database containing names and addresses of employers covered by Wisconsin’s Unemployment
Insurance Law. Upon request customers can obtain information at greater industry or geographic
A concerted refusal to work by employees, with the aim of improving wages or
employment conditions, voicing a grievance, making a protest, or supporting
other workers in such an endeavor. Alternative term is workstop.
This type of unemployment occurs when the basic nature of the economy changes over time such that
skills which unemployed workers possess are no longer demanded by employers. Structural unemployment
is involuntary unemployment and typically requires retraining or education of displaced workers to
bring their skills into line with demand.
Seasonal Unemployment and
Each O*Net Job Zone level is associated with an SVP range. The SVP is the specific vocational preparation training time permitted for an occupation. "Permitted" means that the DOL has determined the SVP for each occupation (normal requirements in the USA), and employers may not set higher requirements than those described by the SVP, without documentation of business necessity. Refer to O*Net's SVP definition for more information.
A form of structural unemployment created by the substitution of automated equipment for labor, or by changing technologies.
Separation of an employee from an establishment (voluntary, involuntary, or other).
The number of total separations during the month divided by the number of employees
who worked during or received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th of the
month (monthly turnover); the number of total separations for the year divided by
average monthly employment for the year (annual turnover).
Unemployment Insurance is a Federal/State of Wisconsin
cooperative program for the accumulation of funds paid by employers, to be used for the payment of
Unemployment Insurance benefits to workers during periods of unemployment, which are beyond their
Individuals 16 years of age or older who do not have a job but are available for
work, are actively seeking work, and had made specific efforts to find
employment sometime during the 4 week-period ending with the reference week
(the week including the 12th of the month). People who were waiting
to be recalled to a job from which they had been laid off within the past 6
months, or those waiting to report to a new job within 30 days are also counted
A situation where people who are willing and able to work cannot find employment. It is considered an involuntary situation instead of one in which persons voluntarily choose leisure over work. There are several types of unemployment categorized by their uses and characteristics. They are: cyclical unemployment, frictional unemployment, seasonal unemployment, structural unemployment, and technological unemployment.
Structural Unemployment and
The number of people unemployed, expressed as a percentage of the
civilian labor force. There are two kinds of
Seasonally Adjusted and Not Seasonally Adjusted.
Not Seasonally Adjusted,
An establishment (i.e., store, plant, warehouse) that produces
goods and services, usually at a single physical location, and is
engaged in one or predominantly one industry activity.
Persons who worked without pay for 15 hours a week or more in a business
operated by a family member.
Workers who receive wages, salaries, commissions, tips, payment in kind, or piece
rates. The group includes employees in both the private and public sectors.
Hourly straight-time wage rate or, for workers not paid on an hourly basis,
straight-time earnings divided by the corresponding hours. Straight-time wage and
salary rates are total earnings before payroll deductions, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends and holidays, shift differentials, and non-production
bonuses such as lump-sum payments provided in lieu of wage increases (Also see
defined areas in the State of Wisconsin, which receive services responsive to local conditions
WID, previously known as ALMIS, is a structure intended for use by states as a
tool for the storage and dissemination of local, state, regional, and national
workforce information, compiling of labor market, economic, demographic and
In more detail, WID
is a normalized, relational database structure that was created to provide all states with a
"common structure" for data delivery. The structure is designed to be independent of
operation systems and database application requirements. The structure has been implemented and
tested in both MS SQL and Oracle platforms, as well as in several less sophisticated databases
such as MS Access and Visual FoxPro.
A corrected census count of those individuals 16 years of age and older.
See Strike or Lockout.
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Last updated 8/31/2010